FLORIANÓPOLIS, HISTORY AND TOURISM

The population of the State of Santa Catarina was formed by various ethnicities. Starting with the indigenous, which inhabited the region before the European arrival, from year 1500 on. Portuguese were the first European colonists to arrive at the seaside of Santa Catarina in the XVII century to occupy the region and protect it from possible invasions.

After Brazil’s independence, German immigrants have spread through the northeastern region of the State and through Vale do Itajaí, also known as the European Valley. Later came the Italian, who settled colony mostly in the South of the State. These were the key migratory currents that participated in the development of the Santa Catarina’s cultural identity. However, in a smaller number, the Africans, Poles, Ukrainians, Japanese, Austrians, Dutch, Hungarians and other people have also contributed to the multicultural character of this population. Also worth highlighting is the influence of Brazilian troopers from Rio Grande do Sul and São Paulo who carried live cattle between their States in the XIX century and therefore crossed Santa Catarina’s lands. Florianópolis, the capital of Santa Catarina, is one of the most sought after touristic destinations in Brazil. Its natural delight everyone. The archipelago consists of 46 islands, belonging 32 of them to the municipality, and there are over 100 beaches spread through the islands and the continent. In addition to many other attractions, such as the bustling Lagoa da Conceição and the quiet Lagoa do Peri, the traditional historic center, the busy avenue by the sea, the bucolic Santo Antônio de Lisboa and Ribeirão da Ilha neighborhoods in Azorean style, and the imposing colonial forts. Not to mention the museums, churches, theatres and the symbol of the city: the Hercílio Luz Bridge. The city is also home to Santa Catarina’s Gas Company (SCGÁS), third biggest natural gas distributor in the country. Throughout the over 1.100km of implemented conducted gas network and by means of the Compressed Natural Gas (GNC) modal, SCGÁS distributes 2MMm³ per day, serving approximately 50% of Santa Catarina’s industrial gross domestic product, which represents 85.000 direct employments, over 90.000 vehicles running on vehicular natural gas (GNV) e thousands of industries and businesses. That means almost 60 cities served by the company, whose operation began in the year 2000.

Foundation: March 23, 1726
Area: 436,5 km²
Elevation: 3m
Population: 249.477 (2010) UN

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